It is made by milling chickpeas. It may be either finely or coarsely ground. It is pale yellow in color and is used to make dumplings, fritters and noodles, and for thickening curries.
Store the flour in the refrigerator for up to six months or in the freezer for up to a year. It can be used to make dumplings, fritters and noodles, and for thickening curries.
It is rich in the minerals calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, iron, phosphorus, manganese, selenium and copper. It contains contain vitamin A, niacin, pantothenic acid, vitamin K and folate. If you have celiac disease or a gluten intolerance, you must avoid flours containing gluten, such as wheat, barley and rye. Besan is gluten-free and can be substituted in recipes for wheat flour. It is studied chickpeas versus wheat flour on the insulin response in healthy middle-aged men and women.